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反应釜火灾爆炸事故谁是罪魁祸首?

来源:www.wxycl.com 发表时间:2017-09-04

 反应釜、蒸馏釜应具有完备的温度、压力、流量等仪器仪表装置,减压蒸馏的真空泵应装有单向止逆阀、防止突然停车时空气进入系统。低压系统与高压系统连接处也应设单向止逆阀,以防高压容器的物料窜入低压系统发生爆炸。对有可能超压的反应釜、蒸馏釜,必须加装紧急泄压装置,一般在设备上安装安全阀,对于不宜安装安全阀或危险性较大工艺的设备可安装爆破片。

Reactor, distillationreactor should have a complete temperature, pressure, flow and otherinstruments and meters, vacuum distillation of the vacuum pump should beequipped with a one-way check valve, to prevent sudden stop gas into thesystem. A check valve should be set at the connection point of the low pressuresystem and the high pressure system, in case that the material of the highpressure container is burst into the low pressure system. For the possibilityof overpressure of the reactor, distillation kettle, must be equipped with anemergency pressure relief device, the general installation of safety valve onthe equipment, the installation of safety valve should not be installed orhazardous equipment can be installed blasting piece of equipment.

避免反应釜、蒸馏釜发生火灾爆炸事故,除了要加强安全教育培训和现场安全管理、加强设备的维修保养、防止形成爆炸性混合物、及时清理设备管路内的结垢、控制好进出料流速、使用防爆电气设备并良好接地外,还要严格按安全操作规程和岗位操作安全规程操作。

To avoid the fire andexplosion accidents occurred in the reactor  distillation kettle, in additionto strengthen safety education training and on-site safety management,strengthen equipment maintenance, to prevent the formation of explosivemixture, timely cleaning equipment in the pipeline scaling, control andmaterial flow, the use of explosion-proof electrical equipment and in goodcontact with extraterrestrial, but also strictly in accordance with the rulesfor safe operation and post operation safety operation rules.

蒸馏操作中要严格控制温度、压力、进料量、回流比等工艺参数,通蒸汽加热时阀门开启度要适宜,防止过大过猛使物料急剧蒸发,系统内压剧升。要时刻注意保持蒸馏系统的设备管道畅通,防止进出管道,阀门堵塞引起压力升高造成危险。

Distillation operations tostrict control of temperature, pressure, feed flow rate, reflux ratio and otherprocess parameters, steam heating when the valve opening degree to beappropriate, prevent greater than drastic make rapid evaporation of materialand system pressure play rise. Should always pay attention to maintain thedistillation system pipeline flow, prevent and out of the pipeline, the valveblockage caused by pressure to increase the risk of.

要避免低沸物和水进入高温蒸馏系统,高温蒸馏系统开车前必须将釜、塔及附属设备内的冷凝水放尽,以防其突然接触高温物料发生瞬间汽化增压而导致喷料或爆炸。

To avoid low boiling pointmatter and water into the high temperature distillation system, the hightemperature distillation system before driving must put the kettle, towers andancillary equipment in the condensed water, to prevent the sudden exposure tohigh temperature material occurrence instant vaporization pressure and lead tospray material or explosion.

  

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